マラケシ旧市街(Medina of Marrakesh)
Founded in 1070–72 by the Almoravids, Marrakesh remained a political, economic and cultural centre for a long period. Its influence was felt throughout the western Muslim world, from North Africa to Andalusia. It has several impressive monuments dating from that period: the Koutoubiya Mosque, the Kasbah, the battlements, monumental doors, gardens, etc. Later architectural jewels include the Bandiâ Palace, the Ben Youssef <em>Madrasa</em>, the Saadian Tombs, several great residences and Place Jamaâ El Fna, a veritable open-air theatre.