世界遺産-World Heritage- 国や民族をこえて、人類が共有すべき普遍的な価値をもつ遺産を分別して紹介。

スルツエイ(Surtsey)

KLIS5399_S
Orca
Taking Flight
surtsey-iceland The emerging island
Iceland Westman Island: surtsey fire 18.245.06
Surtsey_2016 07 11_1264
Surtsey_2016 07 11_1276
Église Saint-Michel d'Aiguilhe (Haute-Loire) un paysage de mon enfance et adolescence
Surtsey 01 HDR
Surtsey
Surtsey Panorama
Surtsey_2016 07 11_0370

国名:is Iceland

登録年:2008年

登録基準:(ix)
Surtsey, a volcanic island approximately 32 km from the south coast of Iceland, is a new island formed by volcanic eruptions that took place from 1963 to 1967. It is all the more outstanding for having been protected since its birth, providing the world with a pristine natural laboratory. Free from human interference, Surtsey has been producing unique long-term information on the colonisation process of new land by plant and animal life. Since they began studying the island in 1964, scientists have observed the arrival of seeds carried by ocean currents, the appearance of moulds, bacteria and fungi, followed in 1965 by the first vascular plant, of which there were 10 species by the end of the first decade. By 2004, they numbered 60 together with 75 bryophytes, 71 lichens and 24 fungi. Eighty-nine species of birds have been recorded on Surtsey, 57 of which breed elsewhere in Iceland. The 141 ha island is also home to 335 species of invertebrates.

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